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Simple Past Tense

Simple Past Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang terjadi di masa lampau (sudah terjadi). Dalam Simple Past Tense kita mengunakan Verb (kata kerja) kedua/ V2.

Sama seperti simple present tense, simple past tense juga dibagi menjadi 2 bentuk, yaitu:

1. Tobe/nominal sentence => kalimat yang merupakan pernyataan

2. Verbal sentence => kalimat yang mengandung kata kerja (melakukan sesuatu)

Type

To be/Nominal Sentence

Verbal Sentence

Affirmative

(Positif)

S + Tobe (Was, Were) + O

I, he, she, it = was

You, we, they = were

Ex:

* The train was ten minutes late.

* They were my favorite friends.

S  + Verb 2 + O

Ex:

* I bought this car in Jakarta.

* I went to the cinema last night.

* He left the office an hour ago.

Negative

(Negatif)

S + Tobe + not + O

was not = wasn’t

were not = weren’t

Ex:

* She was not (wasn’t) angry with me

* You were not (weren’t) my relative

S + Did + not + Verb I + O

Did not = didn’t

Ex:

* We did not (didn’t) like oranges

* I did not (didn’t) know his name

* The teacher didn’t come in

(jika sudah ada did, bentuk Verb akan kembali ke bentuk awal / Verb 1)

Interrogative

(Tanya)

Tobe + S + O ?

Ex:

* Was he your friend?

Answer:   – Yes, he was

- No, he was not (wasn’t)

* Were they good people?

Answer:   – Yes, they were

- No, they were not (weren’t)

did + S + Verb I + O ?

Ex:

* Did you forget my name?

Answer:   – Yes, I did

- No, I did not (didn’t)

* Did he study at his room?

Answer:   – Yes, he did

- No, he didn’t

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