She Uban's Chronicles

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GAYA

Gerakan mendorong atau menarik yang menyebabkan benda bergerak disebut gaya. Gaya yang dikerjakan pada suatu benda akan mempengaruhi benda tersebut. Gaya terhadap suatu benda dapat mengakibatkan benda bergerak, berubah bentuk, dan berubah arah.

anakbola                                      PINTU1

Bola ditendang berubah arah                  Pintu didorong berubah arah

Macam-Macam Gaya:

1. Gaya Magnet

Merupakan tarikan atau dorongan yang disebabkan oleh magnet. Benda yang dapat ditarik oleh magnet disebut benda bersifat Magnetis, contoh : logam besi dan baja, peniti, paku payung. Benda yang tidak dapat ditarik magnet disebut benda yang tidak magnetis, contoh : kayu, cermin, batu, kertas. Gaya magnet digunakan pada dinamo mobil, dinamo sepeda, pengunci kotak pensil dan tas, kopas speaker radio, mikrofon, antena pada mobil remot kontrol, alarm pengaman mobil.

Read more…

PASSIVE VOICE

Passive Voice adalah kalimat yang dikenai pekerjaan. Bentuk / pola umum untuk membuat kalimat passive voice adalah :

Tobe + VerbIII (Past Participle)

Lihat perbedaan di bawah  ini:

Active

Passive

To open = membuka

To build = membangun

To be opened = dibuka

To be built      = dibangun

Passive voice dapat digunakan pada semua tenses, seperti contoh di bawah ini:

Tenses

Example

Simple Present Tense –          The door is opened

–          The cars are repaired

–          I am lied

Simple Past Tense –          The door was opened

–          The cars were repaired

–          I was lied

Simple future Tense –          The door will be opened

–          The cars will be repaired

Present Continous Tense –          The door is being opened

–          The cars are being repaired

–          I am being lied

Past Continous Tense –          The door was being opened

–          The cars are being repaired

–          I was being lied

MODAL

Modal adalah bagian dari auxilary yang berfungsi sebagai kata kerja bantu yang memberi arti tambahan pada suatu kalimat. Modal selalu diikuti kata kerja bentuk pertama (V1).

Kind of Modals

Meaning

Example

Can Dapat, bisa –    I can carry this box by myself.

–    Can I borrow your book?

–    You can take my car today.

Could Dapat, bisa, mungkin –    It could be rain (mungkin)

–    It could be rid of if you don’t fasten it (dapat)

May / Might Mungkin (tidak yakin) –    He might have been very busy.

–    Ramina may be able to help you.

Should

Harus (untuk saran) –    Henry should study tonight if he wants to get a good mark.

–    Karina should go on diet

Harapan –    My check should arrive next week.

–    It should be a better day

Must

Harus (mengharuskan untuk terjadi/mutlak). –    George must call the doctor now, his condition is getting worse.

–    An automobile must have gasoline to run

Kesimpulan logis –    John’s light is off. He must be asleep.

–    The grass is wet. It must be raining.

Note:

Sekelompok kata yang mempunyai arti hampir sama dengan modal di atas:

©      Can/could             = to be able to

©      May/might           = perhaps, probably, possibly, possible, probable, presumably

©      Must                        = have to

©      Should                    = had better, ought to, to be supposed to

 

OPINION

image Opinion

1. Asking for someone’s opinion

  • What do you think about …..?
  • What’s your opinion of …..?
  • What about ….?
  • What would you say to …..?

2. Giving opinion

  • I think it’s a good idea.
  • Well, I must say …..
  • Don’t you think ….?
  • I’d say …..

3. Saying no opinion

  • I don’t know
  • I have no idea about it

Example:

A : “What do you think to go swimming next Sunday?”

B : “I think it’s a good idea!”

C : “Well, I don’t know, I’ll go with you or not”

image Like and Dislike

1.Like

  • I like/love …
  • I (really) enjoy …
  • I do like/love …
  • I’m (really) very fond of …

2. Dislike

  • (i’m afraid) I don’t like …
  • I (really) hate …
  • I can’t bear …
  • I can’t stand …

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Example:

(+) I really like this apple pai

(+) She likes playing tennis on Sunday

(-) I do not (don’t) like/dislike this apple pai

(-) She does not (doesn’t) like/dislikes playing tennis on Sunday

(?) Do I really like this apple pai?

(?) Does she really like playing tennis on Sunday?

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