She Uban's Chronicles

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The lecture of Drs. Djoko Srijono, M. Hum (Lecturer at English Department, Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta)

Definition and Concept of Curriculum


Curriculum (from the Latin currere= to run) literally means “running course” or a series of courses (of study) or experiences. Curriculum is that which is taught in school (a set of subjects, a program of studies, a set of materials, a sequence of courses, a set of performance objectives, a course of study, etc)

Concept of Curriculum

  1. as a substance: the 1975 curriculum, the 1985 curriculum,
  2. as a substance: the 1994 curriculum, the 2004 curriculum
  3. as a system: a part of other larger educational systems.
  4. as a subject of study: expert, teacher, academician
  5. As a substance: the 1994 curriculum, the 2004 curriculum, Competency-based Curriculum, School Level-based Curriculum
  6. As a system: curriculum is a part of other larger systems
  7. As a subject of study studied by academician, expert, and teachers
  8. As a program of planned activities that should be followed by all students
  9. As intended learning outcome, curriculum is not as a means (alat) but as an end (tujuan/akhir yang dicapai)
  10. As a cultural reproduction, curriculum as reflection of social culture e.g. : patriotism, economic system, cultural convention, mores, folkways

The Role of Curriculum in Language Education

Curriculum plays a very important role. It is should be related to vision and mission of language education: direction, content, teaching learning process, assessment. It also determines the graduates; next generation better, smarter, more skillful, more competent, more competent, more professional, more marketable

Component of Curriculum

  1. Formal Component: all subjects, experiences, instructional procedures, curriculum guides and policies, teaching-learning guidelines.
  2. Informal Component: classroom and school rules, teacher-student relationships, parent-community-school relationships, extracurricular activities.
  3. Hidden Component: punctuality, neatness, respect for authority, good habit formation, intellectual openmindedness, problem solving, flexibility.
  4. Integrated Component: interrelatedness between subjects and curriculum areas.

Curriculum, English Teaching Guideline, and Syllabus

Curriculum is an educational program which states the goal, content, teaching-learning process, and some means of assessment.

English Teaching Guideline is a part of formal component of curriculum that contain some guidelines for English teaching and learning.

Syllabus is a document which states the content/materials (what should be taught/learned) as the basis for planning courses of various kinds.

Curricular Goal

Generally it is formulated in the form of competency. Competency covers knowledge, attitude and value, and skill. Competencies are indicators of successful performance in life-role activities. Competencies involve the ability to create effective results in one’s life. It means the ability to create new role for oneself in response to changing social condition (Jeager and Tittle cited by Hamalik (2008:133).

Competency is a knowledge, skills, and abilities 0r capabilities that a person achieves, which becomes of his or her being to the extent he or she can satisfactorily perform particular cognitive, affective, and psychomotor behaviors (McAshan, 1981: 45 in Mulyasa, 2005:38). It covers knowledge, understanding, skill, value, attitude, and interest (Gordon, 1988:109 in Mulyasa, 2005: 38)


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